Kibbutz

(pl. Kibbutzim)
   The kibbutz (a word meaning "collective settlement" that comes from the Hebrew for group) was a socialist experiment, a voluntary grouping of individuals who hold property in common and have their needs satisfied by the commune. Every kibbutz member participates in the work. All the needs of the members, including education, recreation, medical care, and vacations, are provided by the kibbutz. The earliest kibbutzim were founded by pioneer immigrants (see ALIYA) from eastern Europe who sought to meld socialism and Zionism and thus build a new kind of society. They have been maintained by a second and third generation as well as by new members. Initially, the kibbutzim focused on the ideal of working the land and became known for their crops, poultry, orchards, and dairy farming. As modern techniques, especially automation, were introduced and as land and water became less available, many of the kibbutzim shifted their activities or branched out into new areas, such as industry and tourism, to supplement the agricultural pursuits. Kibbutz factories now manufacture electronic products, furniture, plastics, household appliances, farm machinery, and irrigation-system components.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • kibbutz — kib*butz (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl. {Kibbutzim}. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.] an Israeli communal[2] form of agricultural settlement. Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a very high level of sharing,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kibbutz — KIBBÚTZ, kibbutzuri, s.n. Gospodărie colectivă agrară în Israel. [pr.: chibúţ] – Din fr. kibboutz. Trimis de catalin caba, 15.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  KIBBÚTZ, kibbútzuri, s.n. kibbutz (< ebr. mod. qibbūṣ = reuniune, adunare) [et. MW] Trimis… …   Dicționar Român

  • kibbutz — (n.) Israeli collective settlement, 1931, from Modern Heb. qibbus gathering, earlier a gathering together, verbal noun from root of qibbetz he gathered together. Plural is kibbutzim. Related to Arabic quabada he grasped seized …   Etymology dictionary

  • kibbutz — |quibútze| s. m. Herdade israelita de exploração coletiva. • Plural: kibbutzim.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra hebraica, de qibbus, agrupamento …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • kibbutz — ► NOUN (pl. kibbutzim) ▪ a communal farming settlement in Israel. ORIGIN modern Hebrew, gathering …   English terms dictionary

  • kibbutz — [ki bo͞ots′, kiboots′] n. pl. kibbutzim [kē΄bo͞o tsēm′] [ModHeb] an Israeli collective settlement, esp. a collective farm …   English World dictionary

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • Kibbutz — Als Kibbuz (hebräisch: קִבּוּץ, „Zusammenkunft“; Mehrzahl Kibbuzim) bezeichnet man eine ländliche Kollektivsiedlung in Israel mit gemeinsamem Eigentum und basisdemokratischen Strukturen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Ideologie des Kibbuz 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kibbutz — /ki boots , boohts /, n., pl. kibbutzim / boot seem /. (in Israel) a community settlement, usually agricultural, organized under collectivist principles. [1930 35; < ModHeb kibus; cf. Heb qibbus gathering] * * * Israeli communal settlement in… …   Universalium

  • kibbutz — (Voz hebrea.) ► sustantivo masculino AGRICULTURA, SOCIOLOGÍA Explotación comunitaria, generalmente agrícola, de Israel. IRREG. plural kibbutz * * * kibbutz (de or. hebr.; pronunc. [quibúts]; pl. «kibbutz») m. Explotación agrícola cooperativista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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